1. The belief that
" accounts for differences in character
2. Racial Prejudice
about the study of racism define it more strictly to mean the combination of racial prejudice
. In other words, only
the dominant group
in a society
can be racist because
they have the power to oppress
others. This forces the dominant group
to recognize the dangerous side of their position of power
and tends to make them upset. Some will avoid
this issue all together and say that they
the very real effects of racial discrimination.
groups of people
racial prejudice towards members of the dominant group, (i.e., a black man calling a white man a cracker
) but since
they lack the power to oppress
that group, it cannot be accurately called "racism." White people in America
have not historically been called "crackers" and then
been enslaved, denied work, imprisoned, framed, or hung by blacks.
In most cases, racism includes
the social, political, and economic advantage
of one group in relation to others. This can be seen
in places where
there is one group who has held control
positions in society. For example, America has existed for 230 years, but all the presidents have been white (males). Those who experience the effect of racism (minorities) often stick together to defend themselves against their harsh reality. They may form their own schools, newspapers, television
networks and even create
scholarships to help their people.
A person from
the dominant group in society, however, doesn't need these specialized
groups made just for them because they control the wealth and political/social/productive power and can always rely on these elements
being there for their needs. From
their perspective, things like Affirmative Action
and the NAACP
look like they perpetuate racism. In fact, these organizations are working to support marginalized, minority
See Wikipedia's article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racism for more information. Or read a history book.
Marginalized people, historically racial minorities, live with the presence of racism in their
Racism is difficult to see from
a position of privilege and difficult to live with from
a position of marginality.
People who experience racism often become
bitter or angry. They
may last out at the dominant group and use against them, but they
are still marginalized.
In America, racism continues
to be perpetuated by dominant whites, knowingly or unknowingly, because they
are blinded by their
own privilege. Education and learning history are two sure ways to overcome racism.